Strictly speaking ,Buddhism is not a religion, since it is not centred on a god ,but is a system of philosophy and a code of morality. Buddhism was founded in northern India about 2600 BCE when Siddhartha Gautama, born a prince ,achieved enlightenment Gautama Buddha was not the first Buddha but the fourth ,and is not expected to be the goal of every being ,so eventually we will all reach Buddha hood.
The Buddha never wrote down his dharma or teachings, and a schism later development so that today there are two major Buddhist schools .The Theravada or Hinayana.’doctrine of the elders ‘or small vehicle ‘holds that the path to Nirvana ,the eventual aim of all Buddhists, is an individual pursuit. In contrast, the Mahayana (‘large vehicle ‘) school holds that the combined belief of its followers will eventually be great enough to encompass all of humanity and bear it to salvation. Today it is chiefly practised in Vietnam,Japan,and China, while the Hinayana school is followed in Sri-lanka ,Mynmar (Barma) and Thailand,and by the Buddhist Newars in the Kathmandu valley. There are other ,sometimes more esoteric, divisions of Buddhism, including the version found in the Himalayan regions of Nepal. Tibetan Buddhism was influenced by the ancient animistic Bon-po tradition, and a few Bon -pon pockets remain in Nepal, especially in Dolpa.
The Buddha renounced his material life to search for enlightenment but, unlike other prophets, found that extreme did not lead to discovery. Therefore he developed his role of the ‘middle way ‘moderation in everything. The Buddha taught that all life is suffering, but that suffering comes from our sensual desires and the illusion that they are important. By following the ‘eightfold path’ these desires will be extinguished and a state of nirvana ,where the desire are extinct and we are free from their delusions, will be reached. Following this process requires going through a series of rebirths until the goal is eventually reached and no more rebirths into the world of suffering are necessary. The path is Karma is a law of cause and effect, your actions in one life determine the role you will play and what you will have to go through in your next life.
Buddhism is more tolerant of outsiders that is Hinduism ,you will be welcome at most Buddhism to spiritual training and advice to westerners.
Buddhism prohibits any form of killing, a contrast to Hinduism is which some forms of the religion require animal sacrifices to appease the goddess kali.
Over the centuries numerous lamas and teachers have contributed to the evolution of four major traditions of Tibetan Buddhism .The oldest, Nyingma,was established in the,e8th –century reign of King Trisong Deutsen in Tibet.In 1073 the Sakya lineage was established at Samye ,the first Buddhist monastery in Tibet Later, in 1409 ,the Gelug lineage (which is headed by the Dalai lama ) evolved. The fourth major tradition is Kagyu
An important figure in the religious history of the entire Himalayan region, including Mustang ,is the great saint and magician Guru Rimpoche, whose Sanskrit name is padmasambhav. He is a historical figure of the 8th century ,and his birth was predicted by the Buddha Sakyamuni .He is regarded as the second Buddha and had miraculous powers, including the ability to subdue demons and evil spirits. He visited Mustang to overcome a demoness and his statue appears in many gompas throughout Nepal, Tibet and Bhutan.